A poor combination of kit colours is one of the biggest problems for sportsmen and women – and spectators – with CVD. This includes kits that clash with each other, with a referee’s or keepers’ kits and with the pitch.
The kit combinations that cause the greatest problems for colour blind people, though by no means the only combinations, are:
- Red v black (including striped and patterned kits)
- Red v green v orange
- Bright green v yellow
- White v pastel colours e.g. pale blue
- Blue v purple
Colour combinations that work well are:
- White v black
- Red v yellow
- Black v yellow
- Blue v bright red
- Blue v yellow
BUT all-red kits can cause issues because they can have the effect of completely disappearing against the green of the pitch. Other colours which can clash against a green pitch are all-orange and all-green kits.
As a basic rule, the more colours there are in a kit, the more likely it is that kit clashes will arise.
The problem is not restricted to team shirts – socks and shorts also come into the equation. A strong contrast between shorts or sock colours and shirt colours are often the only way colour blind people can tell teams apart. If there’s insufficient contrast players may have problems in telling their own team from the opposition.
In one particular match when we were in red and they were in dark green, I couldn’t tell the teams apart. I had to really concentrate in that game looking at the socks because they were easier for me to distinguish and there was nothing else I could do.
former professional footballer (Republic of Ireland & Ipswich Town FC)
In matches and training situations, be aware of the colours of the equipment used. Can they be ‘seen’ by colour blind players and spectators? For example, using an orange hockey ball on green Astro Turf can make the ball difficult to see. Refer to the FA’s Guidance for more information on how to address these issues.
Coaches and trainers in particular should bear in mind that the following equipment choices can be problematic for people with CVD:
- Coloured balls (red, pink, orange etc.) can ‘disappear’ against a green pitch/court
- Use of different colour line-markings to map out the perimeter of a pitch or court – white is best
- Certain coloured bibs or arm-bands used in training may not be distinguishable
Youngsters with CVD will not be able to tell these coloured bibs apart
- Red/green/orange cones used in training, or to mark out a temporary pitch, may not be easily visible
- The goalkeeper and match officials’ kit colours might be indistinguishable from one of the team’s kit
- Stadium/training ground floodlights or indoor lighting can have the effect of making problem colours even more difficult to tell apart
- Use of coloured pens/magnets on wipe-boards in back-room strategy/tactics sessions
During the 2012 London Olympics, GB Hockey introduced the use of a yellow ball on a blue pitch marked out with white lines and surrounded by a pink surface. This was ideal for colour blind people, see below (although the issue of kit clashes has still to be addressed).
Here, players and spectators with CVD can see the ball, the pitch and the pitch markings just as easily as those with normal vision.
I sometimes find playing football hard as other team’s kit looks like ours. My team wears orange. When I do training can’t see the cones very well unless they’re blue, white or yellow ones.
Marcus Aged 9
Marcus gives Everton’s blue kit the thumbs up